ساخت و اعتباریابی پرسش نامه معرفت شناسی شخصی در کودکان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار گروه آموزشی روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش ساخت و اعتباریابی پرسش‌نامه‌ای به‌منظور سنجش معرفت‌شناسی شخصی در کودکان بود. بر این اساس، 44 سؤال سه گزینه‌ای به روش نمره‌گذاری لیکرت طراحی شد. روایی صوری و محتوایی سؤالات از طریق نظرخواهی از 10 استاد متخصص مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و پایایی آن نیز از طریق اجرا با 50 نفر از دانش‌آموزان به روش بازآزمایی و به فاصله زمانی یک ماه، 72/0 محاسبه شد. سپس، پرسش‌نامه روی 472 دانش‌آموز (217 پسر و 255 دختر) اجرا شد و با استفاده از تحلیل عوامل با روش چرخشی از نوع واریماکس 5 عوامل با مقدار ویژه بالاتر به شرح زیر مشخص شد: سادگی دانش، قطعیت دانش، منبع دانش، نتیجه دانستن و توجیه‌پذیری دانستن. به‌منظور تعیین روایی این مقیاس از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و برای بررسی اعتبار آن از ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی برازش قابل قبولی برای ساختار پنج عاملی پیشنهاد شده نشان داد. همچنین، نمره کل برای همسانی درونی پرسش‌نامه از طریق محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ، 85/0 بود. با توجه به نتایج به‌دست آمده، این پرسش‌نامه از اعتبار و روایی مناسبی برخوردار بوده و می‌تواند به-عنوان ابزاری کاربردی جهت ارزیابی معرفت‌شناسی شخصی در کودکان استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Construct and validate of personal epistemology questionnaire in children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Tanha 1
  • Parvin Kadivar 2
  • Jafar Hasani 3
  • mohammad hosein abdollahi 4
1 university of Kharazmi
2 Teacher and Educational Psychology Group Manager
3 Associate Professor of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was construct and validate a questionnaire to measure personal epistemology in children. Accordingly, the 44 question with Likert scoring method was designed to have three options. Face and content validity was assessed through the survey of 10 experts and its reliability, through the implementation of 50 students to retest interval of one month, was calculated 0/72. Then, the questionnaire was administered on 472 students (217 males and 255 females) and using factor analysis with varimax rotation method revealed five factors with higher eigenvalues: simple knowledge, certain knowledge, source of knowledge, product of knowing and justification of knowing. In order to determine validity and reliability of the scale respectively, confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach alpha coefficients were used. Results of Confirmatory factor analysis showed a good fit to the proposed five-factor structure. Also, the total score for internal consistency through Cronbach’s alpha, was 0/85. According to the results, the scale has acceptable reliability and validity and can be used as an applicable instrument in assessing personal epistemology in children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • questionnaire
  • personal epistemology
  • children
  • reliability and validity
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