عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
method, Wittgenstein’s recent philosophy, psychoanalysis and Background: Discoursal Psychology is a new field of study that overlaps largely with socio-psychology of language. In this new field of study, certain issues are discussed that are not usually dealt with in socio-psychology of language, issues related to structures and strategies specific to discourse that can be studied from the perspective of discourse analysis. Discoursal Psychology is a scientific field of study that has emerged from the convergence of various fields such as semiotics, linguistics, ethnography, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence focused on language, particularly its social nature.
Method: Discourse Analysis originated from hermeneutics, but it has emerged as an independent branch in human and social sciences since mid-1960s. Discourse Analysis, as an analytical method of discoursal psychology, contributes to dialog within social understanding in order to explore comprehending and conveying meaning within the framework of language study.
Findings: New advances in human sciences have led to the emergence of a new type of psychology known as "Discoursal Psychology" that has opened various ways for understanding psychological phenomena such as cognition, affection, beliefs, identity, perceptions and motivations. Psychological frameworks within socio-cultural domains have had more significant role in directing and guiding theorizing and performing research issues than sociological frameworks. Discoursal Psychology is considered one of these frameworks that contribute to understanding psychological phenomena within socio-cultural context.
Discussions and Conclusion: As any scientific issue requires its own method of analysis and investigation, Discoursal Psychology investigates psychological events from the perspective of a socio-cultural event derived from language and considers language as the praxis and has adopted Discourse Analysis as the method of linguistic study. Discourse Analysis is based on a wide range of intellectual resources including conversational analysis, ethnographic critical analysis of ideology. While avoiding internal psychological processes, this approach studies socio-psychological themes in general psychology.