پایایی، روایی و تحلیل عاملی نسخه فارسی پرسش‌نامه استرس نوجوانان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه ارومیه

2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 دانشگاه بوعلی

چکیده

زمینه: انتقال به نوجوانی همراه با تغییرات سریع، غیرمنتظره و تجارب جدید شناختی، اجتماعی، هیجانی و روان‌شناختی است که چالش‌هایی پیشروی نوجوان قرار داده و به عنوان زمینه‌ساز استرس هستند. هدف: هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی و ارزیابی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی پرسش‌نامه استرس نوجوان بر روی دانش‌آموزان نوجوان مقطع دبیرستان در هر دو جنس بود. روش: جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر دانش‌آموزان مقاطع دبیرستان شهر همدان در سال تحصیلی 94 بودند. که 280 نفر بر اساس نمونه‌گیری تصادفی چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. به منظور بررسی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی پرسش‌نامه مذکور ابتدا پرسش‌نامه استرس نوجوان با تکنیک ترجمه مضاعف ترجمه شده و در نهایت به منظور بررسی شاخص‌های روان‌سنجی آن، این پر‌سش‌نامه همراه با مقیاس افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس (DASS) و مقیاس اضطراب حالت اسپیلبرگر (SAI) اجرا گردید. داده-های گردآوری شده مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته و شاخص‌های پایایی، روایی، تحلیل عاملی تاییدی محاسبه گردید. یافته‌ها: تحلیل داده‌های گردآوری شده نشان داد که این پرسش‌نامه از نظر پایایی دارای ضرایب آلفای 75/0 تا 85/0 در ده خرده مقیاس است، همچنین روایی همزمان آن با مقیاس افسردگی، اضطراب، استرس و پرسش‌نامه اضطرب حالت به ترتیب 34/0، 35/0، 82/0 و 15/0 بدست آمد که در سطح 01.0P< معنادار بود. همچنین نتایج تحلیل عاملی تاییدی از ساختار عاملی پرسش‌نامه حمایت کرد. بحث و نتیجه-گیری: پرسش‌نامه استرس نوجوان دارای ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی مطلوبی در دانش‌آموزان نوجوان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reliability, validity, factor analysis Persian version of adolescent Stress Questionnaire

نویسنده [English]

  • Amir Ghasemi Navab 2
2 M.A. general psychology
چکیده [English]

Background: transition to adolescence is accompanied with rapid changes, unexpected and new cognitive, social, emotional and psychological experiences that makes challenges for adolescents and are considered as underlying factors of stress. Aim: The aim of present study was examining the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) in high school students of both genders. Method: The study sample consisted of high school students in Hamadan city in 2015 school year. 280 students were selected based on multi-stage random sampling. To study psychometric characteristics of the questionnaire, Adolescent Stress Questionnaire was translated with double-translation technique and finally, to evaluate the psychometric properties of the questionnaire, it was administered along with depression, anxiety, stress scale (DASS) and state anxiety Inventory (SAI) of Spielberg. Collected data was analyzed and reliability and validity indicators and confirmatory factor analysis were calculated. Results: Analysis of the collected data showed that the questionnaire has the reliability of 0.75 to 0.85 alpha coefficients in ten subscales, In addition, the concurrent validity of the questionnaire with subscales of depression anxiety, stress scale and trait anxiety questionnaire was equal to 0.34, 0.35, 0.82 and 0.15 respectively which in the p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adolescent stress
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • factor analysis
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