عنوان مقاله [English]
This article presents a discourse analysis method designed to study networked cognitive communication processes in knowledge communities, such as conceptual change, higher order learning and knowledge building in synchronous and asynchronous mode of online learning. Object: The method is grounded on the meaning of critical thinking and the process of meaning construction in the group to reveal the basis of collaborative critical thinking through using discussion and leading to discussion in synchronous and asynchronous mode. Method: on the basis of longitude method of research and through 2 semesters (on 42 students) the implication of Socratic Questioning Prompt (SQP) are validated It was needed to prepare the teacher to have revised on the construction of meaning in the subject to design the process of reconstruction during discussion. Finding: Relations among the skills leaded to Ct promotion as an indicator considered in California Critical Thinking Test are estimated and approved in the paper. Conclusion: It is revealed that there are relations among the mentioned skills and a process which designed in online environment to promote critical thinking ability is approachable through Socratic Questioning Prompt.