عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Two important objectives for measuring the variable in behavioral an dcomplex causal relationships between variables. Beasurement asks about what is measured by observed variables ? and how ew can determine the validity and reliability of variables? The latter responds to this question: since the variables are not directly observable and measurable and only reflected in observed variables with measurement error how complex causal relatonships between these variables can be inferred? How the relationships between latent variables can be measured? In response to these kinds of question are evaluated by the measurement model and that of the second one are evaluated by the structural function model.