عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background: Creativity is an important construct in the psychology of individual differences, and Compared to the similar areas such as intelligence, it has received little attentions of researchers. Seventy-year history of theory making and research on creativity, still there is not a consistent pattern for understanding creativity. Objectives: The aim of Current study was to examine the relationship between fluid and crystallized intelligence with creativity and Explanation of this relationship based on higher order latent factors such as information processing speed and openness to experiences was taken place using structural equation modeling. Methods: All Tehran Humanistic universities were selected as population and 481 students from Shahid beheshti, Allameh Tabatabayi and Tehran universities were chosen as sample study. The sub-scales of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale- Revised (WAIS-R) were used to measure intelligence, Divergent thinking tests and questionnaires on creativity in everyday life, creative achievement and creative self- concept were also used to measure creativity and in order to measure processing speed, ZVT, and KDT paper-pencil tests were used and finally to measure openness to experience, NEO-FFI inventory was used. Structural equation models were postulated to investigate inter-relationship of constructs based on literature. Covariance matrix of observed variables was used to investigate postulated models, then, using AMSO-18 All statistical computations were analyzed. Results: Results showed that openness to experience, in all three cases (the first case, when all markers of self-assessment of creativity and divergent thinking are used simultaneously; the second case, when divergent thinking is used as the dependent variable and the third case, when self-assessment creativity is used as the dependent variable) will lead to successful and powerful prediction of creativity, Low impact processing speed has little but significant impact on creativity. Also, the fluid and crystallized intelligence had different effects on this structure depending on the type of creativity measurement. Conclusion: In general, the research results indicate that the personality has a more important role in being creative and producing innovative products; and intelligence and the information processing speed are in the next stage of having positive impact on the type of creative works.