بررسی شاخصهای روان سنجی پرسشنامه ادراک از کلاس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تربیتی

2 هیئت علمی دانشگاه تربیت معلم

3 هیئت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی روایی عاملی و پایایی پرسشنامه ادراک از کلاس است. این پرسشنامه توسط فراسر، مک روبین، و فیشر (1996)  ساخته شده است.به همین منظور به طور تصادفی 830 دانش آموز دختر و پسر از بین دبیرستان­های سطح شهر تهران، انتخاب شدند. برای بررسی پایایی پرسشنامه از ضریب آلفای کرانباخ و برای تعیین روایی عاملی آن از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تاییدی استفاده شد. همسو با نتایج پژوهش فراسر، فیشر، مک روبین (1996)و درمن(2009) مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که این پرسشنامه از همسانی درونی قابل قبولی برخوردار است و ضرایب آلفای کرانباخ در زیر مقیاس­های آن بین 79/0 تا 90/0 است. همچنین نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی مؤید آن است که ساختار پرسشنامه برازش قابل قبولی با داده ها دارد و کلیه شاخص‏های نیکویی برازش، مدل را تایید می­کنند. بنابراین،این پرسشنامه می­تواند ابزار مناسبی برای ارزیابی ادراک دانش­آموزان از محیط کلاس باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of psychometric properties of perception of classroom questionnaire

نویسندگان [English]

  • fariborz nikdel 1
  • parvin kadivar 2
  • valliollah farzad 2
  • yousef karimi 3
چکیده [English]

The Purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of perception of classroom questionnaire, developed by Fraser, Fisher, and McRobbies (1996). 830 high school students in Tehran city were randomly selected to participate in the study. Cronbach Alpha coefficient and factor analysis were used to determine the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. The results were coherent with Fraser, Fisher and McRobbies (1996) and Dorman (2009) revealed that the questionnaire have an acceptable consistency. Cronbach Alpha coefficients for subscales were between 0/79 to 0/90. Meanwhile, the results of the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the structure of the questionnaire have an acceptable fit to the data. Further, the questionnaire is a valid and reliable instrument to measure students' perception of classroom

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • perception of classroom
  • classroom questionnaire
  • psychometric properties reliability
  • factorial validity
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