عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Background: In recent years, psychologists have introduced spirituality as one of the most effective construct in various spheres of life. Also researchers around the world have studied this phenomenon in different directions. Objective: Current research was carried out with the aim of construct and validation of spiritual capital and well being scales for senile people. Method: Statistical population was the senile people in Isfahan city, among them, 245 people were selected by accessible sampling. Research instruments was researcher made spiritual capital and well being scales. Data were analyzed by use of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and computation of reliability coefficient, Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate analysis of variances. Findings: Results revealed that spiritual capital scale with 21 items and spiritual well being scale with 8 items have suitable construct validity. Cronbachs’ alpha of spiritual capital components (spiritual valuation, quiet with God, the importance of spirituality and spiritual influence) was 0.9, 0.87, 0.84 and 0.86 respectively, and for spiritual well being scale was 0.89. Also results revealed that there are significant difference between spiritual capital and well being of non-habitant senile in sanitarium with senile who inhabitant in private and public sector sanitarium (p<0.01). Coclusion: Due to effective and constructive role of spiritual capital in the lives of the elderly, researchers can use questionnaires presented in this study for the purposes of research and practice in Iran.