بررسی ویژگی های روان سنجی مقیاس طرد همسالان در پایۀ ششم ابتدائی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

چکیده

اثرات مخربی که طرد شدن از سوی همسالان در دورۀ کودکی دارد تحقیق و پژوهش در این حوزه را یک ضرورت ساخته است. نظر به اینکه اصلی‌ترین گام در هر پژوهشی داشتن ابزاری روا، پایا و مختص فرهنگ آن جامعه است هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر بررسی ویژگی­های روان­سنجی (تعیین ساختار عاملی و اعتبار) مقیاس طرد همسالان ویسل، سارید و استرنبرگ (2013) بود. طرح پژوهش از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه این پژوهش شامل کلیۀ‏ دانش­آموزان پایۀ ششم دبستان شهر کرمانشاه در سال 97-96 بود که تعداد 311 نفر از ایشان به‌عنوان نمونه و به‌صورت تصادفی خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند. نتایج تحلیل عامل اکتشافی نشان داد که همانند با نسخۀ اصلی پرسشنامه این مقیاس در جامعۀ مختص دانش‌آموزان ایرانی دارای چهار مؤلفه است که این مؤلفه‌ها را تحلیل عامل تائیدی مرتبه اول مورد تائید قرار داد. این مؤلفه‌ها در تحلیل عامل تائیدی مرتبه دوم همگی در ذیل مفهوم طرد همسالان قرار گرفت. در مجموع می­توان گفت که مقیاس طرد همسالان بعد از تعدیل­هایی جزئی که بر روی آن صورت گرفت دارای روایی و پایائی مطلوبی می‌باشد و قابلیت استفاده در جامعۀ دانش‌آموزان ایرانی را دارد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric properties of peer rejection scale in 6th grade elementary school students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyede Khadije Moradiani Geize Rud 1
  • ezatolah ghadampour 2
  • masoud sadeghi 3
  • mohammad abasi 3
  • firoze ghazanfari 3
1 PhD Student of Educational Psychology, Literature and Humanistic Sciences Faculty, Lorestan University، Khoram Abad, Iran.
2 Associate Professor of Psychology Department, Literature and Humanistic Sciences Faculty, Lorestan University، Khoram Abad, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor of Psychology Department, Literature and Humanistic Sciences Faculty, Lorestan University، Khoram Abad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Abstract:
The detrimental effects of peer rejection during childhood have made research in this area a necessity. The main step in each research is to have a valid and reliable questionnaire for the culture of that society. The main purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties (determination of factor structure, validity, and validity) of the rejection scale of Wiesel, Sarid & Sternberg (2013). The research design is correlation. The statistical population is taken from 6th-grade elementary school students of Kermanshah. The total number of the participants is 311 students which were selected by the random cluster sampling method. Exploratory factor analysis extracts 4 components which were confirmed by first-order confirmatory factor analysis. Second order confirmatory factor analysis showed that these four components can be categorized into one concept. In sum, our peer rejection scale after a little modification showed suitable reliability and validity and can be used among Iranian students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Peer Rejection
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • exploratory factor analysis
  • Validation
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