عنوان مقاله [English]
Positive psychology emphasizes on mental health and well-being improvement as a new approach in psychology area. In fact, positive psychology is the science of happiness and flourishing of human beings. In this regard, flourishing is considered as one of the important factors of individuals' success. Flourishing is a combination of good feeling and effective functions and is equivalent with high level of psychological wellbeing and it briefly indicates mental health. The main purpose of the present research is to study psychometric properties of flourishing questionnaire based on Seligman model among Iranian students. The population includes all students of Tehran universities in 2015. The sample of the study includes 300 students (165 female and 165 male) and they have been selected by cluster sampling.
In order to analyze data, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis methods, Pearson correlation, item-total score correlation, and reliability analysis by SPSSv22 and LISRELv8,80 were used. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis results have confirmed HFQ. The results of convergent validity of flourishing questionnaire have been confirmed by its concurrent execution with "Ahvaz Self-actualization" and "Diener’s Flourishing Questionnaire", also its divergent validity was studied and confirmed by "Beck’s Depression Inventory".
Reliability coefficient of flourishing questionnaire was achieved as 0.82, 0.61, 0.77, 0.78 and 0.90 respectively for factors of positive emotions, relationships, meanings, achievements and total questionnaire by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Finally, according to the reliability and validity coefficient, ease of implementation, grading, interpretation, and also limited time for answering questionnaire it can be said that flourishing questionnaire has the necessary conditions to be used in psychological researches to measure the level of flourishing. Also it is suggested to use it for determining the level of flourishing prevalence in the student society.