رواسازی و اعتباریابی مقیاس ارزش‌ذهنی تکلیف در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر با هدف بررسی شاخص ­های روان‌سنجی مقیاس 14 گویه­ای مقیاس ارزش­ ذهنی تکلیف(TSV؛ وو و فان، 2016) در جامعه دانشجویی ایرانی انجام شد.شرکت­کنندگان 260 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه­های دولتی شهرستان دامغان بودند که به روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند. شرکت­کنندگان در یک جلسه منفرد و به‌صورت اجرای کلاسی و با چیدمان یکسان ابزارها به ترتیب به مقیاس­های ارزش­ ذهنی تکلیف، رفتارهای پیشرفت و خودکارآمدی پاسخ دادند. به‌منظور بررسی روایی سازه مقیاس TSV از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تائیدی استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل مؤلفه‌های اصلی با چرخش واریماکس نشان داد مقیاس TSV از دو خرده مقیاس ارزش کاربردی- دستیابی و ارزش درونی تشکیل شده است. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی با مقایسه مدل­های رقیب تک عاملی، دوعاملی و چهار عاملی نشان داد که ساختار دوعاملی مقیاس برازش قابل‌قبول‌تری با داده­ها دارد و کلیه شاخص­های برازندگی نیز برازش مدل را تأیید کردند. همچنین، همسانی درونی خرده مقیاس­ های TSV با استفاده از روش آلفای کرونباخ مناسب بودند. به‌منظور برآورد روایی ملاکی و همگرا ضرایب همبستگی خرده مقیاس­های ارزش ذهنی تکلیف (TSV) با خرده مقیاس­های تلاش و پشتکار از مقیاس رفتارهای پیشرفت (وو و فان، 2016) و خودکارآمدی تحصیلی (پینتریچ و دی گروت،1990) در سطح 01/0 معنی­دار بودند. درمجموع نتایج مطالعه حاضر شواهدی را برای روایی و اعتبار TSV به‌مثابه ابزار جهت بررسی ارزش­­ ذهنی تکلیف در بین دانشجویان ایرانی فراهم کرد و می­تواند مورد استفاده پژوهشگران قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Validation and Reliability of Task Subjective Value Scale on College Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Saeed Torabi 1
  • Hamidreza Hassanabadi 2
  • Parvin Kadivar 3
  • Robabeh Noori 4
1 PhD Student in Educational Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric Indices of the 14-item Questionnaire of Mental Scale (TSV; Wu & Fan, 2016) in the Iranian student community. Participants were 260 students from Damghan State universities who were selected by cluster sampling. Participants responded to individually Task Subjective Value scales, Achievement behaviors, and academic self-efficacy in a single classroom session with the same set of tools, respectively. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used to evaluate the construct validity of the TSV Scale. The results of principal component analysis with varimax rotation showed that the TSV scale consists of two subscales Utility-Attainment value and intrinsic values. Confirmatory factor analysis results by comparing competing single-factor, two-factor and four-factor models showed that the two-factor structure of the scale had a better fit to the data and all fit indices confirmed the fit of the model. Also, the internal consistency of the TSV subscales using the Cronbach's alpha method was appropriate. To estimate the criterion and convergent validity of the correlation coefficients of the TSV subscales with the subscales of effort and persistence on the Scales of achievement Behaviors (Wu & Fan, 2016) and academic self-efficacy (Pint rich and De Groot, 1990). The level of 0.01 was significant. Totality, the results of the present study provide evidence for the validity and reliability of TSV as a tool for assessing the subjective value of homework among Iranian students and can be used by researchers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychometric indices
  • Task Subjective Value Scale
  • Attainment- Utility Value and Intrinsic Value
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