ساختار عاملی مقیاس باورهای معرفت شناختی شومر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تحقیقات آموزشی، دانشگاه تهران (نویسنده مسئول) khaleghiali22@yahoo.com

2 استاد دانشگاه تهران، دانشکده روان‏شناسی و علوم تربیتی besharat2000@gmail.com

3 - دانشجوی دکتری سنجش و اندازه گیری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی enayat_zamanpour@yahoo.com

چکیده

زمینه: از مباحث مهم در فرایند یادگیری، باورهای معرفت شناختی افراد است. این باورهای به فهم افراد، چگونگی بدست آوردن، اعتبار از دانش و برداشت افراد از توانایی و سرعت برای به دست آوردن دانش مرتبط است. هدف: این پژوهش با هدف تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و اکتشافی مقیاس باورهای معرفت شناختی شومر برای دانش‏آموزان ایرانی انجام شد. روش: روش پژوهش از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری کلیه دانش‏آموزان پایه اول دبیرستان‏های دولتی شهر بهارستان و تعداد شرکت کنندگان 366 نفر بود. که با روش نمونه گیری خوشه‏ای تصادفی انتخاب شدند و به مقیاس 63 سؤالی باورهای معرفت شناختی شومر (1993) پاسخ دادند. داده‏ها از طریق تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مرتبه اول و دوم و تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی بررسی شد. یافته‏ها: تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مرتبه اول وجود 9 مؤلفه و تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مرتبه دوم قرار گرفتن مؤلفه­های مذکور را در زیرسازه باورهای معرفت شناختی، تأیید کرد. تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی بر روی 9 مؤلفه به کشف سه خرده مقیاس قضاوت شخصی درباره دانستن، باور فرد به سرعت و توانایی یادگیری و قطعیت دانش منجر گردید.
بحث و نتیجه­گیری: در مجموع، مقیاس اصلاح شده باورهای معرفت شناختی شومر از روایی و پایایی مطلوبی برخوردار است و می‏توان از آن برای ارزیابی باورهای معرفت شناختی دانش آموزان استفاده کرد.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factor structure of Schommer’s epistemology beliefs scale

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali Khaleghinejad 1
  • mohamad Besharat 2
  • enayat Zamanpour 3
چکیده [English]

Background: One of the important subjects in learning process is individual’s epistemology beliefs. These beliefs related to individual’s understanding, how to obtain and validity of knowledge and individual imagination of ability and speed for learning.
Objective: This research was done with the aim of confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis of Schommer’s epistemology beliefs scale among Iranian students.
Method: The method of research is correlation. Participants were 366 first grade students of high school in Baharestan town whom were selected with random cluster sampling. They answered to the 63-item of Schommer’s epistemology belief scale. The data were analyzed through first and second confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis.
Results: A first confirmatory factor analysis confirmed existing nine components and second confirmatory factor analysis confirmed that all of the bring components located in epistemology belief concept. An exploratory factor analysis executed on nine components lead to created 3 subscales: individual prejudice about understanding, person beliefs about the ability and speed for learning, and knowledge certainty.
Conclusion: In sum, Schommer’s modified epistemology beliefs scale has a good reliability and validity, and we can use them to evaluate students' epistemology beliefs.
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Epistemology belief
  • Validation
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • exploratory factor analysis
  • students
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