ساخت پرسشنامه آسیب های زیرمنظومه زوجی،والدینی و همشیرها در خانواده های دارای فرزند مبتلا به اختلال نقص توجه/ بیش فعالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته مشاوره خانواده دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مشاوره دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

3 استاد رشته مشاوره دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

4 استادیار گروه مشاوره دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

5 استادیار گروه مشاوره دانشگاه کردستان، کردستان، ایران

چکیده

چکیده: هدف پژوهش حاضر ساخت و بررسی ویژگی های پرسشنامه آسیب های زیرمنظومه های خانواده های ADHD محور بود.بدین منظور ابتدا با مصاحبه های عمیق با روش پدیدارشناسی با 16 خانواده(27 نفر) و مطالعه ی منابع در پیشینه پژوهشی مقوله ها و آسیب های سه زیر منظومه مشخص گردید و بر اساس آنها پرسشنامه ای تدوین گردید.سپس از بین خانواده هایی که دارای فرزند مبتلا به اختلال ADHD بودند 217 نفر به صورت هدفمند انتخاب و پرسشنامه ساخته شده بر روی آنها اجرا گردید. جهت تعیین پایایی این پرسشنامه از روش آلفای کرونباخ و برای تعیین اعتبار از پرسشنامه های تعارض زناشویی وکیفیت زندگی استفاده شد.داده های به دست آمده مورد تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی قرار گرفت. نتایج تحلیل نشان دادکه ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای کل آزمون برابر 87/0 ،ضریب اعتبار همگرای آن با پرسشنامه تعارض زناشویی برابر72/0 و ضریب اعتبار واگرا با پرسشنامه کیفیت زندگی برابر 86/0- بود.نتیجه آنکه پرسشنامه پژوهشگر ساخته دارای پایایی و اعتبار قابل قبولی است که 11 عامل دارد و توان شناسایی آسیب های زیرمنظومه های خانواده های دارای فرزند مبتلال به اختلال ADHD را در پژوهش های بالینی و درمان خانوادگی دارد.ارزش این پژوهش به طراحی پرسشنامه ای بومی و متناسب با فرهنگ ایرانی برای تشخیص آسیب های خانواده های ADHD و بکارگیری درمان متناسب با آن آسیب ها است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Construction of couple, parental and sibling sub-system’ pathologies in families with child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

نویسندگان [English]

  • arman azizi 1
  • maryam fatehizade 2
  • ahmad ahmadi 3
  • rezvan jazayeri 4
  • omid isanejad 5
1 university of Isfahan
2 university of Isfahan
3 university of Isfahan
4 university of Isfahan
5 university of Kurdistan
چکیده [English]

Abstract: Families with children with ADHD have specific problems and injuries that include all three couple, parent and sibling sub system. The purpose of this study was to construct and investigate the characteristics of damages of ADHD-based families’ questionnaire. For this purpose, using deep interviews with the phenomenological method with 16 families (27 people) and Studying the resources in the research background, the categories and damage of the three subsystems were identified and a questionnaire was developed based on them. Then among the families with a child with an ADHD disorder, 217 person were selected purposefully and questionnaire that was made was implemented on them. Cronbach's alpha method was used to determine the reliability and the marital conflict and quality of life questionnaire were used to determine the validity. Exploratory Factor Analysis was used. The results of the analysis showed that the Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the whole test was equal to 0/87, its coefficient of convergence with marital conflict questionnaire was 0/72 and the divergent credit coefficient with quality of life questionnaire was - 0/86. Result show that the researcher-made questionnaire has acceptable reliability and credibility with 11 factors and has the ability to identify the damages of subsystem of ADHD-centered family in clinical trials and family therapy. The value of this research is to design a native Iranian questionnaire to diagnose damages of ADHD families and apply appropriate treatment to these damages.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Family subsystems
  • reliability
  • validity
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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