تحلیل روان‌سنجی نسخة کوتاه پرسشنامة هیجانهای پیشرفت در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

2 هیات علمی

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل روانسنجی نسخة کوتاه پرسشنامه هیجانات پیشرفت (AEQ-SV) در گروهی از دانشجویان انجام شد. در مطالعه حاضر 317دانشجوی کارشناسی (141 پسر و 176 دختر) به نسخة کوتاه پرسشنامة هیجانات پیشرفت، نسخة تجدید نظر شدة پرسشنامه ارزیابی استرس (رویلی، رویسیچ، جاریکا و واگن، 2005)، نسخة تجدید نظر شدة پرسشنامه هدف پیشرفت ( الیوت و مورایاما، 2008) پاسخ دادند. به منظور توسعة نسخة کوتاه پرسشنامة هیجانات پیشرفت با انتخاب یک رویکرد جزئی‌نگر از دو روش تحلیل آماری مبتنی بر گویه ها مانند دستور «آلفا پس از حذف ماده» و «همبستگی هر گویه با نمرة کلی مقیاس» استفاده شد. سپس به منظور تعیین روایی عاملی AEQ-SV از روش آماری تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و در نهایت به منظور آزمون روایی سازة AEQ-SV، ضرایب هبستگی بین مقیاس‌های هیجانات پیشرفت با فرایندهای ارزیابی شناختی و جهت‌گیری‌های هدف پیشرفت، گزارش شد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تاییدی AEQ-SV همسو با نسخة جامع AEQ با تاکید مجدد بر تفکیک مقیاس‌های هیجانات مثبت (لذت، امید، غرور، آرمیدگی) و منفی (خشم، اضطراب، شرم، نامیدی و خستگی) برای اندازه‌گیری تجارب هیجانی مختلف در انواع موقعیت‌های تحصیلی مانند کلاس درس، یادگیری و امتحان به طور تجربی، از روایی درونی AEQ-SV حمایت کرد. همچنین الگوی پرکندگی مشترک بین هیجانات پیشرفت در موقعیت‌های تحصیلی مختلف با ارزیابی‌های مبتنی بر تهدید و چالش محور و با جهت گیری های هدف پیشرفت فراگیران، شواهد مضاعفی را در دفاع از روایی سازة AEQ-SV فراهم آورد. ضرایب همسانی درونی مقیاس‌های چندگانه در موقعیت‌های تحصیلی مختلف بین 74/0 تا 87/0 به دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Analysis of the Short Version of the Achievement Emotions Questionnaire (AEQ) among University Student

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Azad Abdollahpour 1
  • fariborz dortaj 2
1 Islamic Azad University
2 allameh tabatabai university, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of the present study was to investigate psychometric properties of the achievement emotion questionnaire-short form among Iranian university students.317 university students (141 male and 176 female) completed the Achievement Emotion questionnaire-Short Form, the Stress Appraisal Measure-Revised, and Achievement Goal Questionnaire-Revised. First, ‘alpha if item deleted’ and ‘corrected item-total correlation’ commands were used to develop the short form of the achievement emotion questionnaire. Also, the confirmatory factor analysis and internal consistency were used to compute the Achievement Emotion questionnaire-Short Form factorial validity and reliability, respectively. Then, in order to examine the construct validity of the Achievement Emotion questionnaire-Short Form, we compute correlation between different dimensions of Achievement Emotion questionnaire-Short Form with cognitive appraisal processes and achievement goal orientations. the results of confirmatory factor analysis according to comprehensive version of Achievement Emotion questionnaire by emphasizing the breakdown of positive and negative achievement emotions indicated that Achievement Emotion questionnaire-Short Form had internal consistency. Furthermore, Correlational analyses between positive and negative achievement emotions with cognitive appraisals and goal orientations provided initial evidence for the AEQ-SF convergent validity. Internal consistency for the multiple scales in different achievement situations was 0/74 to 087. In sum, on the one hand, the results provide further support for the control-value theory of achievement emotions and on the other hand, these findings provide evidence for the validity and reliability of the Achievement Emotion questionnaire-Short Form as an instrument to measure of achievement emotions among Iranian university students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • achievement emotion questionnaire-short form
  • Construct Validity
  • reliability
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