ساخت و اعتباریابی پرسشنامه احساس عاملیت نابینایان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار روانشناسی ، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی،.دانشگاه اصفهان

3 استاد دانشگاه اصفهان، گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف ساخت و اعتباریابی پرسشنامه احساس عاملیت برای افراد با نقص بینایی انجام گرفت. با این هدف، 450 نفر از افراد با نقص بینایی که به شیوه در دسترس از شهرهای اصفهان، تهران و شیراز انتخاب شدند، مشارکت داشتند. پرسشنامه 33 سوالی برای بررسی احساس عاملیت با استفاده از مبانی نظری و مدل‌ مفهومی ساخته شد و سه مولفه خودکارآمدی، خوش‌بینی و هدفمندی بعنوان خرده مقیاس‌های آن در نظر گرفته شد. پس از تکمیل پرسشنامه توسط افراد شرکت کننده و حذف موارد ناقص، 400 پرسشنامه انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم افزارهای SPSS-22 و AMOS-8.5 مورد بررسی و تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. در نتیجه تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و ماتریس ساختار عامل چرخش یافته مقیاس از طریق روش PC، 3 گویه حذف شد که دو گویه مربوط به مولفه خود کارآمدی و یک گویه مربوط به مولفه خوش بینی بود. در نهایت نتایج تحلیل عاملی تاییدی نشان داد که مدل از برازش مناسبی برخوردار است و می‌تواند به عنوان ابزاری مفید و معتبر در پژوهش‌های روانشناختی استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing and validating the Sense of Agency Inventory for Visually Impaired Individuals

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Farahani 1
  • Ahmad Yarmohammadian 2
  • Mokhtar Malekpour 3
  • Ahmad Abedi 2
1 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Psychology and Education of children with Special Needs, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Psychology and Education of children with Special Needs, University of Isfahan
3 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Psychology and Education of children with Special Needs, University of Isfahan
چکیده [English]

The present study aims to develop and validate the Sense of Agency Inventory for visually impaired individuals. So 400 visually impaired participants were selected via the convenience sampling technique. The 33-item inventory was developed for investigating the sense of agency using theoretical framework and the developed conceptual model. Then, three components of self-efficacy, optimism, and planfulness were considered as its subscales. After that participants completed the inventory and deleting defected copies, 400 copies were randomly selected. The data were investigated and analyzed by SPSS and AMOS software. As the result of confirmatory factor analysis and the rotated structural matrix via the principal component analysis (PCA) method, three items, two related to self-efficacy and one to optimism subscales, were deleted. Finally, the results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the model enjoys favorable goodness of fit and can be used as an effective instrument in psychological research.
Keywords: development and validation, agency, blind, agency components.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • development and validation
  • agency
  • blind
  • agency components
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