تحلیل روایت: روش‌های نو در تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ی روایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سمنان

2 دانشیار روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

استعاره‌ی فرد به عنوان نمایش‌نامه‌نویس و راوی در قلب حوزه‌ی روان‌شناسی روایی قرار دارد و اهمیت آن تا به جایی است که مفهوم هویت روایی در حوزه‌ی روایت و هویت، مفهومی آشنا و بدیهی است. امروزه رویکرد و نظریه‌ی روایت به جای جای روانشناسی راه یافته و پژوهش‌های متنوع و وسیعی را به خود اختصاص داده است. هدف از مقاله‌ی حاضر بیش‌تر معرفی روش‌های مختلف اعم از کمی و کیفی در تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ی روایی و همچنین مرور مراحل مختلف تحلیل کمی و برقراری پایایی در تحقیق روایی است. بدین منظور نخست به مرور کلیاتی در باب روایت پرداخته، سپس روش‌شناسی پژوهش‌های روایی به طور مشروح مرور گردید. ضمن ایجاد تمایز میان روش‌های تجزیه و تحلیل کمی و کیفی روایت، به معرفی روش‌های مختلف تحلیل کمی و کدگذاری داده‌ی روایی پرداختیم. برقراری پایایی در ادبیات تحقیق کمی روایت، فرآیندی است بسیار الزامی و پراهمیت. ضمن بحث در باب مراحل مختلف این فرآیند، شاخص‌های آماری پایایی ارزیاب‌ها معرفی و موارد استفاده از هر کدام به طور مشروح بیان گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Narrative analysis: New methods in narrative data analysis

نویسندگان [English]

  • avideh najibzadeh 1
  • Hossein Eskandari 2
1 semnan
چکیده [English]

The script writer and narrator metaphor for individuals is a key concept in narrative psychology; this is so important that narrative identity is a fundamental concept in the domain of narrative and identity. Narrative theory and approach has found its way through various aspects of psychology and a plethora of research has been conducted in this regard. This paper aims to introduce different qualitative and quantitative methods in analyzing narrative data in addition to review stages of quantitative analysis and establishing reliability in narrative research. To reach this goal, first we review general necessary concepts of narrative; then we discuss methodology of narrative research in detail. In doing so, we differentiate qualitative versus quantitative analysis methods and highlight different quantitative analysis approaches for coding narrative data. Establishing reliability is a foundational process in quantitative data analysis hence we discuss steps of this process and introduce statistical coefficients of interrater reliability and their especial applications.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • narrative
  • Narrative Identity
  • Mixed method research
  • Coding
  • Interrater reliability
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