تعیین اعتبار و پایایی پرسشنامه اضطراب آسیب ورزشی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی ورزشی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 عضو هیأت علمی گروه رفتارحرکتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

4 استاد دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

هدف از انجام این تحقیق بررسی روایی و پایایی پرسشنامۀ اضطراب آسیب ورزشی بود. 237 ورزشکار مرد از رشته‌های ورزشی انفرادی و تیمی شامل کشتی آزاد و فرنگی، تکواندو، بدمینتون، فوتبال، بسکتبال، دوومیدانی، ووشو، کاراته، جودو، آمادگی جسمانی، اسکی، والیبال و به تعداد پراکنده از سایر رشته‌ها به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. سابقۀ ورزشی آن‌ها به‌طور میانگین 1 ±32 سال و سن 10 ± 55 سال بود. پرسشنامه پس از ترجمه به فارسی و تأیید ترجمه توسط چند متخصص، به ورزشکاران ارائه و سپس تحلیل شد. تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی نشان داد مقدار ویژه در عامل‌های اول 876/5، دوم 101/2، سوم 028/2، چهارم 267/1، پنجم 155/1، ششم 114/1 بود. درصد واریانس تراکمی در کل 420/56 بود به‌طوری‌که درصد واریانس‌ها به ترتیب از دست دادن توانایی‌های ورزشی با 482/24 درصد، مأیوس شدن افراد خاص از فرد با 754/8 درصد، آسیب‌دیدگی مجدد با 450/8 درصد، ادراک ضعیف فرد از خود با 280/5 درصد، از دست دادن حمایت اجتماعی 812/4 با درصد، اختلال تصور از خود با 642/4 درصد بود. بود. شاخص‌های برازش مدل با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مشخص کرد که مقدار کای اسکوئر برابر 40/553 در سطح معنی‌داری p=0/0 بود که با درجۀ آزادی مدل مستقل (276) فاصله داشت. شاخص نسبت کای اسکوئر به درجۀ آزادی 96/3543 بود. همچنین شاخص برازندگی مقایسه‌ای برابر با (90/0) بود و شاخص برازش هنجارشده برابر با (84/0) و ریشة میانگین مجذور خطای برآورد برابر با (078/0) بود. به‌طورکلی تمامی شاخص‌های برازش مدل مطلوب بودند. پایایی درونی با آلفای کرونباخ 853/0 بود که قابل‌قبول و مطلوب است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Validity and Reliability of the Sports Injury Anxiety Questionnaire

نویسندگان [English]

  • zahra salman 1
  • zeinab khosravi 2
  • ehsan zareyan 3
  • bita Ajilghi 4
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education, Allameh Tabataba'i University
4 allameh tabataba'i university
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the sports injury anxiety questionnaire. 237 male athletes from individual and team sports including freestyle and Roman wrestling, taekwondo, badminton, football, basketball, athletics, wushu, karate, judo, fitness, skiing, volleyball and some sporadic athletes from other fields were selected by available sampling. Their average sport record was 32 ± 1 years, and age was 55± 10 years. After translation into Persian and confirmation by several specialists, the questionnaire, was presented to athletes, and then it was analyzed. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the eigenvalues were as: the first factors 5/876, the second factor 2/101, the third 2/028, the fourth 1/ 267, the fifth 1/155, and the sixth factor 1/ 114. The percentage of cumulative variance was 56/ 420 In total, so that the percentages of variance were 24 /482percent for Loss of athletic ability, 8/ 754percent for discouraging certain people from person, 8/ 450percent for re-injury, 5/ 280percent for poor perception of oneself, 4/812 percent for the loss of social support, and 4/642 percent for disorders of self-concept,,respectively. Model fitting indices by confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the chi-square value equal to 553 /40, at the significant level was p = 0/0, which was (276) away from the degree of freedom independent. The ratio of chi-square to degree of freedom was 3543/96. The comparative fit index was equal to (0/90) and normative fit index was equal to (0/84) and root mean square error of estimate was (0/078). In general, all the indicators of the model were favorable. Internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha was 0/853, which is acceptable and desirable.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords:Sports injury anxiety
  • Cognitive anxiety
  • validity
  • reliability
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