بررسی ساختار عاملی (تأییدی) نسخه فارسی پرسشنامه حالت- صفت بیان خشمSTAXI-2 در جمعیت بالینی[1]

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سنجش و اندازه گیری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دانشیار دانشگاه شاهد

چکیده

در دنیای رو به رشد روان شناسی نیاز فزاینده‏ای به ابزارهای استاندارد شده برای زبان ها و فرهنگ‏های خاص احساس می شود. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی ساختار عاملی (تأییدی) نسخه فارسی پرسشنامه حالت – صفت بیان خشم (STAXI-2) در جمعیت بالینی ایرانی بود. جامعه پژوهشی شامل بیماران مراجعه کننده به کلینک‏های روان‏پزشکی سطح شهر تهران طی سال‏های 86 تا 89 بود. نمونه این مطالعه از 553 بیمار مبتلا به اختلالات روان‏شناختی (178، مرد و 375، زن) بین 17 تا 66 تشکیل می‏شد، که در گروه‏های تشخیصی، اختلالات اضطرابی، اختلالات خلقی، وسواس، اختلالات شخصیت، اختلال‏های کنترل تکانه، اختلال آسیمگی و بیرون هراسی (فوبی) طبقه‏بندی شدند. روش نمونه گیری، نمونه گیری در دسترس بود. پس از جمع آوری اطلاعات، داده‏ها از طریق تحلیل‏های عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی مورد تحلیل قرار گرفتند، در پایان، پرسشنامه‏ای متشکل از 48 عبارت با 5 مقیاس و 4 خرده مقیاس به دست آمد: حالت خشم (حالت درونی، حالت بیرونی)، صفت خشم (خوی خشمناک، واکنش خشمناک)، بیان خشم به طرف بیرون، بیان خشم به طرف درون و کنترل خشم. تفاوت‏های قابل ملاحظه‏ای در ساختار عاملی نمونه ایرانی و نمونه آمریکایی بدست آمد، در بخش حالت خشم در جمعیت بالینی ایرانی به جای سه خرده مقیاس احساس خشم، بیان کلامی خشم و بیان جسمانی خشم، دو خرده مقیاس حالت درونی خشم و حالت بیرونی خشم به دست آمد، در بخش صفت خشم با حذف عبارت شماره 19، دو خرده مقیاس خوی خشمناک و واکنش خشمناک تایید شد و در بخش شیوه ابراز خشم، عبارت‏های دو مقیاس کنترل خشم به طرف بیرون و درون روی یک عامل به نام کنترل خشم بار شدند. سه عبارت از مقیاس بیان خشم به طرف بیرون و پنج عبارت از مقیاس بیان خشم به طرف درون نیز به دلیل ویژگی‏های نامناسب روان سنجی و بار شدن روی عامل‏های نامربوطه، از پرسشنامه نهایی حذف شدند. ساختار عاملی نسبتاً ثابتی برای مردان و زنان به استثنای تفاوت‏هایی در مقیاس بیان خشم به طرف درون بدست آمد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The study confirmatory factor analysis of a Persian Version of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2) in a Clinical Sample

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam moghadasin 1
  • mohamadali Asghari Moghaddam 2
چکیده [English]

 
Abstract
This paper examines the structure factor (Confirmatory) of a Persian Version of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2) in Iranian Clinical Sample. Sampel of this study consisted of 553 patients that referred to two psychiatric clinic in Tehran city between 86 - 89 years, (178 males and 375 females) between 17 - 66 years with the diagnostic group that were classified; anxiety disorders, mood disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, personality disorders, impulsive control disorder and phobia disorder with convenient sampling. After data collection, data were analyzed by Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, in the end, a questionnaire consisting of 48 item with five scales and four subscales; (the State Anger (internal state and external state), Trait Anger (Angry temperament and Angry reaction), Anger Expression-Out, Anger Expression-In and Anger Control) were excluded as the final questionnaire. Significantly differences were obtained in the factor structure of Iranian and American samples. In section of Stait - anger instead of three subscales-feeling of anger, verbal expression of anger and physical expression of anger, extrated  the internal state and external state subscale. In section of trait anger by eliminating the 19 item was confirmed angry temperament and the angry reaction subscales. In section of Expression of anger, two scales of Anger Control – out and Anger Control –In loading on a first factor as Anger Control. Three item of anger Expression-Out and five item of anger Expression-In eliminated due to poor psychometrics characteristics and loading on the irrelevant factor.Relatively stable factor structure were obtained for men and women with the exception of differences on the Anger Expression-In scale.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: State Ange
  • Trait Anger
  • Expression Anger
  • Construct validity and Structural equations
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