مدلی ساختاری درباره‌ی تن انگاره ی دانشجویان مونث ایرانی : تاثیر قد، وزن، شاخص توده‌ی بدنی، عزت نفس ، طرحواره‌ی ظاهر، باورهای مربوط به ظاهر، و وارسی بدن بر تن ا نگاره

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد زرند

2 علامه طباطبائی

3 دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی مدلی درباره ی تن انگاره وتعیین روابط ساختاری عوامل جسمی و عوامل شناختی ـ رفتاری دخیل در تن انگاره دانشجویان مونثایرانی انجام شد. به این منظورنمونه ای به حجم 497 نفراز دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد زرند به طورتصادفی انتخاب شدند و پس از اندازه گیری قد، وزن و شاخص توده بدنی با استفاده ازمقیاس حالت تن انگاره، مقیاس عزت نفس آزمون خویشتن پنداره ی مارش، پرسشنامه ی طرحواره ی ظاهر تجدید نظر شده، آزمون باورهای شخصی مربوط به ظاهر و پرسشنامه وارسی بدن مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. ارزشیابی مدل با معادله ساختاری مدل سازی با استفاده از روش حداکثر احتمال برآورد دربرنامه نرم افزاری آموس  ومحاسبه ی شاخصهای تناسب مدل  حاکی از نیکویی برازش مدل پیشنهادی بود. اثرات مستقیم و غیر مستقیم سازه ی عوامل جسمی و سازه ی عوامل شناختی ـ رفتاری به ترتیب با 0.417 و0.33 دراین مدل، 53٪ از تغییرپذیری تن انگاره دانشجویان مورد مطالعه را تبیین می کند. این یافته ها ضمن همخوانی با نتایج پژوهشهای مربوط به عوامل تاثیر گذار برتن انگاره و برخی از مدلهای آن، به شناخت بهتر ساختار پیچیده ی زیستی و روانشناختی تن انگاره کمک می کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Structural Model of Body - Image in Iranian’s Female Students: Effects of Weight, Height, Body Mass Index, Self–Esteem, Appearance Schema, Appearance Related Beliefs and Body Checking on Body Image

نویسندگان [English]

  • kazem nemat 1
  • Ahmad Borjali 2
  • Fariborz Dortaj 3
چکیده [English]

To investigate a model about body image of Iranian’s female students and determining structural relations of physical and psychological factors related to body image, 497 female students from Islamic Azad University Zarand Branch randomly selected. After measuring weight, height and calculating body mass index of participants, they assessed by body image state scale, self- esteem scale of Marsh self-concept test, the appearance schema inventory-revised, personal appearance beliefs test and body checking questionnaire. Evaluation of the proposed model with structural equation modeling (SEM) by using of maximum likelihood estimation of AMOS software and calculation of fit indices indicated that, hypothetical model has the goodness of fit with the data. Results showed that, these model direct and indirect effects of physical and cognitive-behavioral factors respectively, .417 and .33, explain 53% of variation in body image. These findings are consistent with the results of other research, modeling in the area of body image, and furthermore, helping in better knowing complex biological and psychological structure of body image.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : body image
  • weight
  • body mass index
  • appearance schema
  • appearance related beliefs
  • body checking
  • self- esteem
  • SEM
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